Developed by doctoral student Vamsi Talla and colleagues at University of Washington in Seattle, the system is known as power-over-Wi-Fi.
The idea is simple in concept. Wi-Fi radio broadcasts are a form of energy that a simple antenna can pick up.
Until now, Wi-Fi receivers have all been designed to harvest the information that these broadcasts carry.
Talla simply connected an antenna to a temperature sensor, placed it close to a Wi-Fi router and measured the resulting voltages in the device and for how long it can operate on the remote power source alone.
Even more ambitiously, the team also connected a camera to their antenna.
This was a low-power sensor capable of producing 174×144 pixel black and white images, which requires 10.4 milliJoules of energy per picture.
To store energy, they attached a low leakage capacitor to the camera which activates when the capacitor is charged and continues operating until the voltage drops to 2.4volts.
The images were stored in a 64KB random access memory (RAM). In the subsequent tests, the camera performed remarkably well.
“The battery-free camera can operate up to (about five metres) from the router, with an image capture every 35 minutes,” Talla told MIT Technology Review.
By adding a rechargeable battery, he increased the distance to seven metres.
The router could even power the camera through a brick wall, demonstrating that it would be possible to attach the device outside while keeping the power supply inside.
“The technology would be hugely useful for surveillance, perhaps connected to a movement sensor to trigger the camera when something moves in its field of view,” Talla noted.
The team also connected their antenna to a Jawbone fitness tracker and used it to recharge the battery that powered it.
“Using this, we charge a Jawbone device in the vicinity of the power-over-Wi-Fi router from a no-charge state to 41% charged state in 2.5 hours,” the team pointed out.
According to the MIT report, power-over-Wi-Fi could be the enabling technology that finally brings the ‘Internet of Things’ to life.
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